Duquesne University of the Holy Spirit (/ d uː ˈ k eɪ n / or / dj uː ˈ k eɪ n /) is a private Catholic university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.Founded by members of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit, Duquesne first opened its doors as the Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy Ghost in October 1878 with an enrollment of 40 students and a faculty of six. 105 724 In Mary, the Holy Spirit … Formerly that was the common opinion, and even in recent times it has been held by authorities like Hefele, Hergenröther, and Funk; other historians, amongst whom are Harnack and Duchesne, are of the contrary opinion; but all agree in admitting that the creed of which we are speaking was received and approved by the Council of Chalcedon, in 451, and that, at least from that time, it became the official formula of Catholic orthodoxy. Unchanging and immutable Trinity. We will cite, therefore, a few witnesses from among the latter. Funk, "Kirchengeschichte", Paderborn, 1902, p. 243). cit., I, 330): "Lord God Almighty, Father of Thy blessed and well beloved Son, Jesus Christ . Blessed by the Holy Spirit, all Christians are given the fruits and gifts that grant us our humanity, morality and ethics. Cf. Whether it be that they wished to group together all objectively analogous cases, or whether they hesitated and wavered when confronted with this point of doctrine, which St. Augustine declares (Serm. Spirit of Knowledge: Isaiah 11:2 4. I did a little digging on the third person of the Trinity and came up with seven names for the Holy Spirit that you may not have known either: It is St. Athanasius who does so in his "Letters to Serapion" (P.G., XXVI, col. 525 sq.). This conclusion is so much the more indisputable as all admit the similar argument to explain why the Holy Ghost is called the Spirit of the Father. On four occasions, Jesus also calls the Holy Spirit "Paraclete" (Jn 14:16-26, 15:26, 16:7), meaning "advocate" and "consoler." Tixeront, "Hist. Just as there is only one Father, just as there is only one Lord or one Son, so there is only one Spirit, Who is, consequently, the Spirit of both. (1910). For he shall not speak of himself; but what things soever he shall hear, he shall speak; and the things that are to come, he shall shew you. "He shall not speak of Himself", says St. Augustine (Tractate 99 on the Gospel of John, no. The hands of Jesus remind us how God uses the consecrated hands of priests. But this immanent knowledge is the very essence of the Holy Ghost. He has written about Catholicism for outlets including Humanitas and Catholic Answers Magazine. Using these names to name the ineffable has both benefits and disadvantages. "Who would not be astonished", says he (A Plea for the Christians 10), "to hear us called atheists, us who confess God the Father, God the Son and the Holy Ghost, and hold them one in power and distinct in order [. ", St. Epipodius spoke more distinctly still (Ruinart, "Acta mart. Holy Spirit, also called Paraclete or Holy Ghost, in Christian belief, the third person of the Trinity.Numerous outpourings of the Holy Spirit are mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, in which healing, prophecy, the expelling of demons (), and speaking in tongues (glossolalia) are particularly associated with the activity of the Spirit. He seems to have been the first among the Fathers to affirm His Divinity in a clear and absolutely precise manner. Thus St. Augustine argues (Tractate 99 on the Gospel of John, nos. The Catholic Encyclopedia. As to the Holy Ghost, according to the common doctrine of theologians, He proceeds through the will. God contemplates Himself and knows Himself from all eternity, and, knowing Himself, He forms within Himself a substantial idea of Himself, and this substantial thought is His Word. . In Hebrews chapter 12 and verses 9, the writer tells us we should have reverence for the Father just as much as we’ve had respect for our earthly fathers. de la théol. The essential points of the dogma may be resumed in the following propositions: Such is the belief the Catholic faith demands. The fruits of the Holy Ghost are not habits, permanent qualities, but acts. Hence it follows, indeed, that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the two other Persons, not in so far as They are distinct, but inasmuch as Their Divine perfection is numerically one. Why then should you refuse to believe that He proceeds also from the Son, since He is also the Spirit of the Son? Like most Catholics born around 1950, I learned their names by rote: “ wis -dom, un -derstanding, coun -sel, fort -itude, know -ledge, pie … St. Paul was careful (1 Corinthians 12-14) to restrict authoritatively the use of these charismata within the ends for which they were bestowed, and thus insist upon their subordination to the power of the hierarchy. Through the ages, God has used a variety of symbols to disclose his closeness to us. dogm. In several places St. Paul speaks of Him as if speaking of God. In Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, a holy seal on the soul accompanies the anointing. The Holy Spirit as a dove in the Heavenly Trinity joined to the Earthly Trinity through the Incarnation of the Son, by Murillo, c. Spirit of life. And you also were included in Christ when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. As early as the first century, St. Clement of Rome gives us important teaching about the Holy Ghost. In what does it consist? What, indeed, does this breathing signify, but that the Spirit proceeds also from Him?" If He did not proceed from Him, Jesus, when He appeared to His disciples after His Resurrection, would not have breathed on them, saying: 'Receive ye the Holy Ghost'. Let us in everything I praise Thee, I bless Thee, I glorify Thee by the eternal and celestial pontiff Jesus Christ, Thy well beloved Son, by whom, to Thee, with Him and with the Holy Ghost, glory now and for ever! But the writer lays special stress on what is read in Matthew 28:19. They cannot, therefore, be confounded with the virtues and the gifts, from which they are distinguished as the effect is from its cause, or the stream from its source. God uses familiar things to help us come to know his way, truth, and life. Romans 8:2. … Even more pointedly, it is by the Apostles’ imposition of hands that the Holy Spirit is given [see Acts 8:17–19; 13:3; 19:6]. The sacred writers attribute to the Holy Ghost all the works characteristic of Divine power. Contact information. (a) The Holy Ghost is called the Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9), the Spirit of the Son (Galatians 4:6), the Spirit of Jesus (Acts 16:7). … Its full force can be grasped only in relation to the primary anointing accomplished by the Holy Spirit, that of Jesus. The hymn Veni Creator Spiritus invokes the Holy Spirit as the ‘finger of the Father’s right hand’” (Catechism of Catholic Church, No. She previously served as editor for Catechist and at Catholic Digest, print editions. St. Thomas, whom we may safely follow, gives a very good summary of opinions in II-II.14. As we are utterly incapable of otherwise fixing the meaning of the mysterious mode affecting this relation of origin, we apply to it the name spiration, the signification of which is principally negative and by way of contrast, in the sense that it affirms a Procession peculiar to the Holy Ghost and exclusive of filiation. MLA citation. He shall glorify me; because he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it to you. the Creation, because He is the principle of the two other Persons; to the Son we attribute wisdom and the works of wisdom, because He proceeds from the Father by the Intellect; to the Holy Ghost we attribute the operations of grace and the sanctification of souls, and in particular spiritual gifts and fruits, because He proceeds from the Father and the Son as Their mutual love and is called in Holy Writ the goodness and the charity of God. Let us take, for instance, the account given by St. Matthew which is more complete than that of the other Synoptics. Scripture I. In His case, to hear is to know, and to know is to be. He who, from pure and deliberate malice, refuses to recognize the manifest work of God, or rejects the necessary means of salvation, acts exactly like a sick man who not only refuses all medicine and all food, but who does all in his power to increase his illness, and whose malady becomes incurable, due to his own action. . The Spirit is the one who testifies, and […]. The charity, patience, mildness, etc., of which the Apostle speaks in this passage, are not then the virtues themselves, but rather their acts or operations; for, however perfect the virtues may be, they cannot be considered as the ultimate effects of grace, being themselves intended, inasmuch as they are active principles, to produce something else, i.e. He proceeds, not by way of generation, but by way of spiration, from the Father and the Son together, as from a single principle. Pat Gohn is an editor at Bayard, currently serving as the editor of Living Faith devotionals booklets. The Spirit’s “finger” writes his law in ways both physical and spiritual. The gifts of the second class, or charismata, are known to us partly from St. Paul, and partly from the history of the primitive Church, in the bosom of which God plentifully bestowed them. Vol. R. And You shall renew the face of the earth. .One the Holy Ghost, having His subsistence from God. Reading I 1 Jn 5:5-13 Beloved: Who indeed is the victor over the world but the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God? Several Old Testament manifestations of the Holy Spirit took place via clouds and light. (CCC, 696). Through the Holy Spirit, the Virgin conceives and gives birth to the Son of God. As to the inner nature of these gifts, theologians consider them to be supernatural and permanent qualities, which make us attentive to the voice of God, which render us susceptible to the workings of actual grace, which make us love the things of God, and, consequently, render us more obedient and docile to the inspirations of the Holy Ghost. However, exegetes are not all agreed as to the number of the charismata, or the nature of each one of them; long ago, St. Chrysostom and St. Augustine had pointed out the obscurity of the question. The same arguments drawn from Scripture and Tradition may be used generally to prove either assertion. The Holy Spirit, as His name indicates, is Holy in virtue of His origin, His spiration; He comes therefore from a holy principle; now holiness resides in the will, as wisdom is in the intellect. These terms imply a relation of the Spirit to the Son, which can only be a relation of origin. No, the Trinity is not composed of the Creator and the creature.". "Come Holy Spirit" Prayer Come Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful and kindle in them the fire of your love. Likewise you hear the Apostle declare: 'God hath sent the Spirit of His Son into your hearts. God, Who by the light of the Holy Spirit instructed the hearts of the faithful, grant us by the same Spirit to be truly wise and ever to rejoice in His consolation. APA citation. Batiffol, "L'Église naissante et le catholicisme" (Paris, 1909), 36. Many other texts declare quite as clearly that the Holy Ghost is a Person, a Person distinct from the Father and the Son, and yet One God with Them.