This level is not necessarily the desired level, which may in fact be zero, but rather is the observed level. Endemic. Hyperendemic refers to the persistent, higher levels of disease prevalence in a particular place. Section 11: Epidemic Disease Occurrence Level of disease. For example, the disease malaria is endemic to tropical areas of the world, such as those in South America or Africa. with mosquito as its primary host and carrier. In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic (from Greek ἐν en "in, within" and δῆμος demos "people") in a population when that infection is constantly maintained at a baseline level in a geographic area without external inputs. Mosquitoes in these areas carry dengue fever and transmit it from person to person. Last summer’s dengue fever outbreak in Hawaii is as an example. Worldwide, countries are facing various public health problems but at unequal intensity. Examples of major epidemics include cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, measles, malaria, and dengue fever. Prevention and Control of Locally Endemic Diseases. The term endemic refers to the constant presence and/or usual prevalence of a disease or infectious agent in a population within a geographic area. Malaria, however, is not endemic to Antarctica since it's not present there. Hepatitis B Virus ... Berry pointed to the H1N1 outbreak in 2009 as an example … A disease is holoendemic when essentially every individual in a population is infected. The amount of a particular disease that is usually present in a community is referred to as the baseline or endemic level of the disease. Examples of Endemic Diseases. A more realistic scenario is that it will be added to the (large and growing) family of infectious diseases that are what is known as “endemic” in the human population. For example, chickenpox is considered endemic in the UK, but malaria is not. Dengue fever is endemic to certain regions of Africa, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Keywords: control of endemic diseases, locally endemic diseases. But in 2019 there was an outbreak of dengue fever in Hawaii, where the disease is not endemic. An endemic disease, Berry explains, is consistently present in the community, but at a stable and predictable level. Although the infection is ubiquitous, symptoms of disease do not appear equally across age groups. Malaria; A disease caused by a Protozoan Parasite (Plasmodium spp.) A pandemic is an epidemic of infec-tious disease that spreads through human popula-tions across a large region, multiple continents or Malaria, per the CDC, is another example of an endemic disease in certain areas. For example, chickenpox is endemic (steady state) in the United Kingdom, but malaria is not. of cases of an infectious disease above what is normally expected in a given population in a specific area. 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