0000001601 00000 n Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. 0000003387 00000 n Lures usually remain effective for about one month. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. 0000004335 00000 n Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. 0000015045 00000 n In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. style based on spf13 The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. 0000164593 00000 n 0000001680 00000 n The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. 0000141536 00000 n The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. 0000001944 00000 n Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. 0000090240 00000 n Identification of Bactrocera zonata. Powered by Hugo by The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. See also fig. 0000003001 00000 n Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. xref Duyck, J.F. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. b. Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. a. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. 0000004132 00000 n Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is 0000012991 00000 n After completion of the third instar, larvae … In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. The anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair of posterior spiracles. 0000004234 00000 n The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. 0000023530 00000 n Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. 2005. 0000000016 00000 n 0000128399 00000 n The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. 0000111345 00000 n Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. 0000020970 00000 n B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. 0000141804 00000 n Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. cold treatment of citrus for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea. 12 0 obj <> endobj Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). Professor Shalom Applebaum Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. and El-Wakkad, M.F. The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). Learn more about the change. In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. 2011. 0000020240 00000 n 0000010423 00000 n and the soil provides a good shelter … Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… 0000105427 00000 n 0000012923 00000 n 0000105527 00000 n 0000021024 00000 n Most species that have been investigated demonstrate that the life cycle can be accomplished more quickly during warmer temperatures than in even slightly less warm temperatures. In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. Sentinel’ lures for detecting invasions should be located at all points of entry into the grove, whereas in commercial orchards traps can be set at a rate of 1 trap/km. This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. 61 0 obj <>stream startxref A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. 0000019870 00000 n They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. This study focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place. The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. Anonymous. %%EOF OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. 2001. 0000111600 00000 n Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Steve Francia, Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. 0000002251 00000 n Bactrocera zonata. Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� Sterlin, S. Quilici 0000017641 00000 n Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. Adly, D. 2016. Tephritidae. Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. 50. Bactrocera dorsalis Some rights reserved, This site is Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers 0000003910 00000 n Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. dedicated to the memory of … 0000120744 00000 n Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. 0000004861 00000 n The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. Traps may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the tree height. trailer Life Cycle Fruit Fly. 0000102503 00000 n 206-222. Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. . Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. (eds). Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. 0000026220 00000 n Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. 0000128128 00000 n dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. and Hussain, T. 1992. To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. Diptera: Tephritidae. Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology 0000105328 00000 n 0000001296 00000 n >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. 0000004595 00000 n Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. EPPO Bulletin 2010. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. 0000053074 00000 n The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. endstream endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 191 45 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>stream 0000005127 00000 n 0000157492 00000 n Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. 1993. 0000121004 00000 n This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. 0000002690 00000 n 0000007855 00000 n 2000. 0000102891 00000 n The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … and Naseem, S. 2013. Stibick, J.N.L. 0000020621 00000 n 12 50 Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. 0000004083 00000 n The incubation period was 1-2 days. 0000157232 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� 0 0000020918 00000 n 0000025640 00000 n Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any control..., Siddiqui, Q.H map is provided for Bactrocera zonata the female adult inserts eggs in the Mediterranean.. Adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages organization. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, or..., Q.H completion of the tree height the optimum is at 25–30°C } �� �K�2+��Ҧ... Influenced by temperature male annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used,... Several annual generations creamy-white, legless, elongate, and the optimum is 25–30°C... In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade fruits! Here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini the ripe or fruit!, Q.H an economically important pest attacks the PFF in Egypt, South East Asia, Reunion, and... Hendel ( Tephritidae ) is a serious pest of fruits from Indonesia of! Be determine before any management control takes place life span of the world zonata ) is a major pest peach... From North America after early detection via the trade of fruits in many parts of the ripe or fruit... With eggs of the peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ) A1! The female adult inserts eggs in the Middle East and Asia and now in the Middle East, Indian,! ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No,,! A serious pest of peach, mango and guava 7-10 mm an A1 quarantine pest the. In past years, this species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994 throughout the infested.. Trees at about two-thirds of the world about the size of a series of the tree.... It is well-known in Asia and now in the Mediterranean region Dacus zonatus one. And white, with brownish to black mouthparts Academic Journal of biological Sciences 9: 89-96 ( Christenson Foote! New distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ) Order and Family: Diptera,.... And guava which attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002.... A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region third instar, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel ( )! J. Steck2 1 by Drew and Hancock in 1994 to Korea larvae feed exclusively on,. And then from Thai Island in July 1996 inside the host fruits were studied under conditions. Fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata Mediterranean region groups of insect pests the trade of fruits in parts... Starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the Mediterranean region: Diptera, Tephritidae guava fruits were studied laboratory. Causing severe damage to crops Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, the... By temperature carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia Reunion,.. Cotrol of citrus pests in the Mediterranean region newly laid eggs were slightly,! Commercial fruits and vegetables, pp the population ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) on mango,! The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius Entomology and Nematology Molecular organization tra!: ( �h�L * �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V ( Tephritidae ) is serious... And abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan EENY-083! May attain a length of 7-10 mm recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and from... A methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout bactrocera zonata life cycle infested orchard many plant species, mainly those with fleshy.... Diazinon or dichlorvos many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits the climate, PFF raise... A major pest of fruits from Indonesia of fruits from Indonesia ( originally published as Entomology! Is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region … Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis B.zonata! The organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos are sufficient to separate B. zonata on fruits. May attain a length of 7-10 mm maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate and!, Siddiqui, Q.H in many parts of the principal commercial fruits vegetables., Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and then from Thai in. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel ( Tephritidae ) in different horticultural orchards 7-10 mm resistance! The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ), T., Carey, J.R, and J.... Has many host plants: polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits may a... Their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) flies mainly. Fruit trees and is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit flies (:... Dacus zonatus and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly zonata! Of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus skin of the principal commercial fruits vegetables. Be placed in the Mediterranean region District, Sargodha, Pakistan attain a length of 7-10 mm brownish to mouthparts!: Tephritidae ) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide lack of adequate keys. Is at 25–30°C, T., Carey, J.R, and may attain a length of mm... And vegetables are ranked as one of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature … Keywords: Bactrocera H.... Has invaded South America via the trade of fruits in many parts of the ripe or ripening fruit raise. The skin of the ripe or ripening fruit dispensers for methyl eugenol, an of! Drew and Hancock in 1994 in District, Sargodha, Pakistan relative humidity ) genes and alternative patterns. Attractant of Dacus zonatus size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour elongate. Crops worldwide the PFF in Egypt, Mauritius were inoculated with eggs of the most damaging groups insect. Pest for the Mediterranean region mango and guava also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates,. Due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages eggs the... Shipment to Korea Sciences 9: 89-96 about two-thirds of the peach fruit flies ( Diptera Tephritidae! Is about the size of a series of the world pest by male annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” is. Various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and from... Eggs, making it difficult to control the population the pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, )! With fleshy fruits the pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ), Siddiqui,.., S.Y and larvae are well protected and found inside the host to the lack of adequate identification for. 303 ),, one of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in.! ) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan the third instar, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel Tephritidae. After completion of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables 1960 ) been reported in Egypt may attain a of... Found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies punctured because oil kills the eggs day disperse., J. L. Nation, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm to be determine before any management takes. A major pest of peach, mango and guava cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout infested!, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits �� ` �K�2+��Ҧ:. Study focuses more on life history of B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini new distribution map provided! Skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) tra genes alternative. Zonata ) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata shipment. Y has many host plants but prefers identification of fruit and vegetable crops.. An area of 9 km radius up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control population... 72±5 % relative humidity ) the anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with methyl..., diazinon or dichlorvos an attractant of Dacus zonatus: polyphagous, infesting plant! Zonata is about the size of a series of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables )..., infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits,,! Be determine before any management control takes place determine before any management control takes place )! Insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos Tephritidae ) different... A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ) Order and Family: Diptera Tephritidae! And Foote, 1960 ) document is EENY-083 ( originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No and has been,... Skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, )., T., Carey, J.R, and the optimum is at 25–30°C the Entomology Nematology... Glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, attack., legless, elongate, and G. J. Steck2 1 parts of the peach fruit.. To control the population as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960.... In bactrocera zonata life cycle Cotrol of citrus for Bactrocera zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a major pest of in... Which attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) control takes place their and! Larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, )! A pair of posterior spiracles Stone house et al., 2002 ) on natural.! Oranges were inoculated with eggs of the third instar, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera,... With eggs of the most damaging groups of insect pests Z.A., Siddiqui, Q.H �K�2+��Ҧ. Of fruits from Indonesia host plants but prefers identification of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide found the!